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Ein Maxibrief benötigt ein Porto von 2,60 Euro und wenn Sie eine Sendung bis zu Gramm verschicken wollen, frankieren Sie diese als DHL-Päckchen mit . Packetporto. i* Gewicht l' Zone _ __ _ _ l, 1 l 2 1 3 l 4 ï 5 l 6 Mark Merk Merk l 3, 00 „ 10 „11 „ 0,55 1,10 1,70 2,30 2,90 l 3,50 „11 „ 12 „ 0,60 1,20 1,90 2,60 i 3, Porto-Stückelung. Wie kann ich das Porto, das ich brauche, aus den Briefmarken zusammensetzen, die ich DHL Päckchen M, g, bis 60cm x 30cm x 15cm.

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Geschäftskunden können die Briefmarken mit dem neuen Porto und bei Bedarf die Ergänzungsmarken ab dem 3. Es wird zwischen verschiedenen Briefarten unterschieden. Jedoch wird diese Verpackungen bei der Post als Sperrgut klassifiziert und somit höhere Portokosten veranschlagt. Einkaufaktuell Potentielle Kunden erreichen mit einem Mix aus regionaler Haushaltswerbung und nützlichen Informationen. Wenn Sie es wieder aktivieren, nutzen Sie unseren Webshop mit all seinen Funktionen und ohne lästige Fehlermeldungen. Alle Preise sind inklusive der gesetzlichen Mehrwertsteuer, soweit diese anfällt. Je nach Art des Einschreibens quittieren diese sowohl der zuständige Postbote als auch der Empfänger selbst. Inhalt Portorechner Preise und Gewichte Briefumschläge. Weitere Gutscheine, Angebote und Rabatte. Unsere Produkte für den Buchversand in der Übersicht: Dies gilt auch für Briefmarken mit den zukünftigen Porto werten. Wie schon vor einigen Wochen angekündigt, soll sich der Preis für den Standardbrief bis 20 Gramm auf 70 Cent erhöhen tennis preisgeld rangliste wie für alle anderen Briefprodukte ab dann drei Jahre unverändert bleiben. Bei uns case csgo Sie die Riesenauswahl: Die Deutsche Post hat jetzt bei der Bundesnetzagentur die Genehmigung der ab 1. Und es hat XING gemacht! Das passende Produkt für Ihren Warenversand. Gewicht bis 20 g bis 20 g bis 50 g bis g bis 1. Werbeantwort Antwort-Element spiele für karneval effizientes Dialog Marketing. Seine Länge darf zwischen kanadische sportarten und 35,3 cm und seine Breite zwischen 7 und 25 cm betragen. Postadress Move Deutsche Adressen aktualisieren mit der Umzugsdatenbank.

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The city has a municipal population of 37, census , [1] an urban population of 81, estimate and a transient daily population of , The city serves primarily as a retail and administrative centre and it has been the capital of the island since It is also an important financial services centre for the Caribbean [6] and is home to two of the largest banks in the region.

Port of Spain was also the de facto capital of the short-lived West Indies Federation , which united the Caribbean. Caricom was established in Chaguaramas , west of Port of Spain.

The city is also home to the largest container port on the island and is one of several shipping hubs of the Caribbean, exporting both agricultural products and manufactured goods.

Today, Port of Spain is a leading city in the Caribbean region. The iconic Nicholas Tower , as well as other skyscrapers, are well known throughout the region.

Some of the tallest skyscrapers in the Caribbean are located in Port of Spain. The Port of Spain was founded near the site of the Amerindian fishing village of Cumucurapo "place of the silk cotton trees " , located in the area today known as Mucurapo, west of the city centre.

The name Conquerabia is also recorded for an Amerindian settlement in this area; this may have been a separate village, another name for Cumucurapo, or the result of miscomprehension by early Spanish settlers, who established a port here: The first Spanish buildings here, in the 16th and 17th centuries, were open mud-plastered ajoupas, interspersed between large silk cotton trees and other trees.

The fort was a mud-walled enclosure with a shack inside, a flagpole, two or three cannon, and few Spanish soldiers. The Caribs were transient, travelling to the mainland now Venezuela and up the Orinoco River.

In , the alcalde of Trinidad reported to the king that the natives "were in the habit of showering scorn and abuse upon the Holy Faith and ridiculed with jests the efforts of the Holy Fathers".

From the small cluster of buildings at the foot of the Laventille Hills , eleven streets were laid out west to the area bounded by the St.

Along the sea shore was the Plaza de la Marina Marine Square , a parade ground. By , the town had a population of about 3, Realising that the St.

During the rainy season the river still had a tendency to overflow its banks, flooding parts of the city; over the decades its channel would be widened and paved.

During the dry season the water level drops to a trickle; hence its nickname, the East Dry River. Port of Spain was now able to continue spreading northwards and westwards, encroaching on the surrounding sugar-cane plantations.

The British landed west of Port of Spain, at what is still called Invaders Bay, and marched towards the town. In , Port of Spain began growing southwards, with the reclamation of the foreshore mudflats, using fill from the Laventille Hills.

This began with the area immediately east of the diverted St. Gradually the landfill crept west and the area south of Plaza del Marina became solid land.

Further major reclamation efforts took place in the s, the s, and in Wrightson Road, linking downtown Port of Spain to its western suburbs, was constructed at the same time.

These reclaimed lands were originally called Docksite, and were home to US forces during World War II; later a number of government buildings were constructed here.

Port of Spain continued to grow in size and importance during the 19th and early 20th centuries, peaking in size in the s at about , people.

Since then the population within the city limits has declined in size as the downtown area has become increasingly commercial and the suburbs in the valleys north, west, and north-east of the city have grown.

From to , Port of Spain was the temporary capital of the short-lived West Indies Federation , though there were plans to build a new federal capital at Chaguaramas , on land occupied by the US military base established during World War II.

Federation Park , a residential neighbourhood in western Port of Spain intended to house employees of the federal government, is a memorial to that time.

In July , an extremist Muslim group held the prime minister and members of parliament hostage for 5 days while rioting and looting shook Port of Spain.

In there was an unprecedented series of small bombings in Port of Spain which caused injuries to bystanders. They ceased in October but the perpetrator has not been charged.

Port of Spain measures about The Northern Range is the range of tall, biodiverse hills across the northern portion of Trinidad and is considered an extension of the Andes mountains of South America, although that is geologically incorrect.

Over species of birds, and species of mammals can be found in these mountains, making it one of the most biodiverse mountain ranges in the Caribbean.

The Northern Range runs from the Chaguaramas Peninsula in the west to Toco in the east and consists mainly of steeply dipping metasedimentary rocks and lush rainforest containing a wide variety of plants and animal species.

Port of Spain lies at the western end and the city climbs into the hills and valleys which are settled and largely deforested.

It has well over species of birds, including the national bird, the scarlet ibis. Some of the city lies on land reclaimed from the Gulf of Paria , the calm sheltered bay separating Trinidad from Venezuela, while other parts climb into the hills above the city.

In the high, misty valleys and mountains that surround the northern outskirts of the city, temperature inversion is quite frequent and the mountains provide a cooling relief from the sweltering heat below.

Blue Basin falls, a popular attraction, is located north in Diego Martin. This is the closest waterfall and is invigorating and refreshing. Immediately north and northwest of Port of Spain lie the suburbs of Cascade, St.

The last two districts fall outside the municipal boundary, but are sometimes considered extensions of the city. Cascade, a mainly suburban area with treed lot type housing is located to the south-eastern area of St.

Further afield, west of Diego Martin, lies the suburb of Westmoorings, which is known for its expensive Miami style highrise apartments facing the seafront.

As you head west beyond Carenage settlement is sparse, however the peninsula known as Chaguaramas, which was once a large US Army Base, has become a mecca for hundreds of international cruisers and a world major yacht storage and repair hub.

With congestion rendering downtown inaccessible during peak hours, major shopping centres like Valsayn Shopping Centre, Grand Bazaar and Trincity Mall have sprung up at highway intersections.

Two large Universities have been established in the eastern section of the E-W corridor — the regional University of the West Indies, St.

Augustine campus and the multi campus local University of Trinidad and Tobago whose main campus is on the Arima outskirts. The wet season lasts from June to November, and the dry season lasts from December to May of the following year.

During December—February, it can get chilly during the night hours. In addition to the official population, the adjacent East—West Corridor conurbation has a population close to , people [5] and the "big city" feel with its suburban car dominated commuting.

It includes the towns of Barataria , San Juan , St. Joseph, Curepe , St. Augustine , Tunapuna , Tacarigua , Arouca , and Five Rivers, once distinct communities and now districts within a continuous urban area.

It occupies about hectares acres [18] of level land, and the distance around the perimeter is about 3. Once sugar land, it was bought by the town council in from the Peschier family except for a small parcel near its centre that served as the Peschier cemetery, which remains in private hands.

Until the early s, horse racing was held frequently at the Savannah race track, and it also contains several cricket , football and rugby pitches. Apart from a ring of trees round its perimeter, the Savannah was never really landscaped, except for the small area in its northwest corner called the Hollows, a former reservoir now drained and planted with flowering shrubs.

From this location the Parade of Bands is broadcast live to the nation on Carnival Monday and Tuesday; it is also the venue for the Calypso Monarch and Carnival King and Queen Competitions and the finals of the Panorama steelpan competition.

The architecturally soothing arches and curves of the Port of Spain National Academy for the Performing Arts see picture and caption dominate the south boundary of the Savannah between the green trimmed landmarks of Memorial Park in remembrance of fallen soldiers during World Wars I and II and the gingerbread styled, limestone built, colourful splendour of the Knowsley Ministry of Foreign Affairs Building.

The western edge of the Savannah, along Maraval Road, is the location of the Magnificent Seven, a group of late Victorian and Edwardian buildings built in an eccentric and flamboyant variety of styles.

The slow pace of building restorations over the years remains a concern. Housing in Port of Spain ranges from luxurious waterfront apartments to board houses lacking indoor plumbing and motor vehicular access.

To address the problem, East Port of Spain Development Company [21] was formed in with a mandate to develop and redevelop a zone in east Port-of-Spain to improve the economic, social and physical environment of those areas.

There are several new government housing projects in the city which are under construction or planned. There are 12 councillors and 4 aldermen.

The mayor is elected from the membership of the council. The council is presided over by the mayor, who is effectively the chief custodian of the city.

It formulates policy and gives direction for the running of the city through a number of standing committees which each meet at least once per month.

Decisions are then ratified at the statutory meeting of the council, which takes place on the last Wednesday of each month. The policies and directives of the council are executed by the administrative arm of the corporation, which is headed by the chief executive officer and has under her charge a number of senior officers and a workforce of about 3, daily-paid and monthly-paid employees.

The Chief Executive Officer and her staff are public servants functioning under the regulations of the Statutory Authorities Service Commissions Ordinance.

Following an election in , Michel Maxwell Philip became the mayor, a position that had previously been held by only whites. Bridget Brereton wrote in her book Race Relations in Colonial Trinidad — that "perhaps this marks the emergence of the coloured man as a political force in Trinidad".

Port of Spain became a "city" in ; the ordinance was passed on May 29 and was proclaimed by the Governor on June 25, The first city councillors were elected on November 2.

Enrique Prada , who was elected chairman by the council and became the first mayor of the City of Port of Spain. Port of Spain is a shopping and business centre for much of the country.

Most government offices are also located in the city and many important government services can only be accessed in the Ministry offices located downtown.

Within recent years, local banks headquartered here have helped it become a financial centre for the Caribbean and Central America region.

Trinidad and Tobago is considered one of the wealthiest nations in the Caribbean and some of this wealth is on display in Port of Spain.

High-income proceeds from the international sale of natural gas has aided the country in the Port of Spain International Waterfront project constructed on former Port Authority Land.

Cruise ships also dock at the port which has: There were 17, students enrolled in primary schools [28] and 15, enrolled in secondary school.

In secondary schools, 7, were male and 8, were female. Education is free and compulsory up to secondary school. There are several prominent tertiary institutions in Port of Spain and environs, in particular the St.

Port of Spain has a population of 18, males and 19, females, with 5, businesses and is home to 12, households with an average size of 2.

While the popularity of the major shopping area around Frederick Street as a nightspot centre has remained steady or declined, expansion of entertainment venues into the malls and outlying towns has occurred.

Clair and Woodbrook have seen a boom in nightclubs, sports bars and fine dining restaurants as workers from government offices and large corporations disgorge on evenings from high-rise headquarters built in newly commercialized formerly upscale neighbourhoods.

Port of Spain was among the host cities of the Cricket World Cup. There are a number of well placed green spaces which have been preserved in Port of Spain.

Many of them are referred to as squares or parks. Although some of the Squares have retained some of their "original framework" which consists of lengths of metal placed in concrete, which surround the exterior of the space, with each Square having at least four gates.

These gates are positioned on the corners so as to allow the main paths of the Square to form an X. Some of the Squares have not retained nor do they give the appearance of having had the lengths of metal placed on its exterior points as lines of demarcation.

Wine , produced in the Douro valley , was already in the 13th century transported to Porto in barcos rabelos flat sailing vessels. In , the Methuen Treaty established the trade relations between Portugal and England.

The production of port wine then gradually passed into the hands of a few English firms. To counter this English dominance, Prime Minister Marquis of Pombal established a Portuguese firm receiving the monopoly of the wines from the Douro valley.

The revolt was called Revolta dos Borrachos revolt of the drunks. Between and , Italian architect Nicolau Nasoni designed a baroque church with a tower that became its architectural and visual icon: During the 18th and 19th centuries the city became an important industrial centre and saw its size and population increase.

The invasion of the Napoleonic troops in Portugal under Marshal Soult also brought war to the city of Porto. On 29 March , as the population fled from the advancing French troops [23] [24] and tried to cross the river Douro over the Ponte das Barcas a pontoon bridge , the bridge collapsed under the weight.

This event is still remembered by a plate at the Ponte D. The French army was rooted out of Porto by Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington , when his Anglo-Portuguese Army crossed the Douro river from the Mosteiro da Serra do Pilar a former convent in a brilliant daylight coup de main , using wine barges to transport the troops, so outflanking the French Army.

On 24 August , a liberal revolution occurred, quickly spreading without resistance to the rest of the country. When Miguel I of Portugal took the Portuguese throne in , he rejected this constitution and reigned as an absolutist monarch.

Porto rebelled again and had to undergo a siege of eighteen months between and by the absolutist army. Unvanquished City after successfully resisting the Miguelist siege.

After the abdication of King Miguel, the liberal constitution was re-established. Known as the city of bridges, Porto built its first permanent bridge, the Ponte das Barcas a pontoon bridge , in Three years later, it collapsed under the weight of thousands of fugitives from the French Invasions during the Peninsular War , causing thousands of deaths.

Maria , a railway bridge, was inaugurated on 4 November of that same year; [30] it was considered a feat of wrought iron engineering and was designed by Gustave Eiffel , notable for his Parisian tower.

Seyrig won a governmental competition that took place in Building began in and the bridge was opened to the public on 31 October Unrest by Republicans led to the first revolt against the monarchy in Porto on 31 January This resulted ultimately in the overthrow of the monarchy and proclamation of the republic by the 5 October revolution.

On 19 January , forces favorable to the restoration of the Monarchy launched in Porto a counter-revolution known as Monarchy of the North.

The monarchy was deposed less than a month later and no other monarchist revolution in Portugal happened again. The World Heritage Site is defined in two concentric zones; the "Protected area", and within it the "Classified area".

The Classified area comprises the medieval borough located inside the 14th-century Romanesque wall. The baroque style is well represented in the city in the elaborate gilt work interior decoration of the churches of St.

The population in Porto municipality dropped by nearly , since the s, but the number of permanent residents in the outskirts and satellite towns has grown strongly.

Administratively, the municipality is divided into 7 civil parishes freguesias: As a result, its climate shares many characteristics with the coastal south: Cool and rainy days can, occasionally, interrupt the dry season.

The annual precipitation is high and concentrated in the winter months, making Porto one of the wettest major cities of Europe.

However, long periods with mild temperatures and sunny days are frequent even during the rainiest months. During such heat waves the humidity remains quite low.

Nearby beaches are often windy and usually cooler than the urban areas. Summer average temperatures are a few degrees cooler than those expected in more continentally Mediterranean influenced metropolises on the same latitude such as Barcelona and Florence.

The weather is often rainy for long stretches although prolonged sunny periods do occur. The building where its offices are located which has the same name as the newspaper was up to recently [ when?

Porto Editora , one of the biggest Portuguese publishers, is also in Porto. Its dictionaries are among the most popular references used in the country, and the translations are very popular as well.

The economic relations between the city of Porto and the Upper Douro River have been documented since the Middle Ages.

However, they were greatly deepened in the modern ages. From the riverside quays at the river mouth, these products were exported to other markets of the Old and New World.

But the greatest lever to interregional trade relations resulted from the commercial dynamics of the Port wine Vinho do Porto agro industry. The development of Porto was also closely connected with the left margin of River Douro in Vila Nova de Gaia , where is located the amphitheatre-shaped slope with the Port wine cellars.

In a study concerning competitiveness of the 18 Portuguese district capitals, Porto was the worst-ranked. There is also an outer-ring road, the A41, that connects all the main cities around Porto, linking the city to other major metropolitan highways such as the A7, A11, A42, A43 and A During the 20th century, major bridges were built: Maria Pia and Freixo , a highway bridge on the east side of the city.

The newest bridge is Ponte do Infante , finished in Two more bridges are said to be under designing stages and due to be built in the next 10 years, one on the Campo Alegre area, nearby the Faculty of Humanities and the Arts, and another one in the area known as the Massarelos valley.

The airport is a state-of-the-art facility, having undergone a massive programme of refurbishment due to the Euro football championships being partly hosted in the city.

Porto is well connected with Lisbon with high-speed trains called Alpha Pendular , that cover the distance in 2h 42min. The intercities take slightly more than 3 hours to cover the same distance.

In addition, Porto is connected to the Spanish city of Vigo with the Celta train , running twice every day. The journey takes 2 hours and 20 minutes to connect both cities.

Currently the major project is the Porto Metro , a light rail system. Six lines are open: Line D yellow currently runs from Hospital S.

The lines intersect at the central Trindade station. In the past the city also had trolleybuses. A tram streetcar network , of which only three lines remain one of them being a tourist line on the shores of the Douro, saw its construction begin on 12 September , therefore being the first in the Iberian Peninsula.

The lines in operation all use vintage tramcars, so the service has become a heritage tramway. STCP also operates these routes as well as a tram museum.

The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Porto, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 47 min.

The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 12 min, while In , Porto shared the designation European Culture Capital.

Manoel de Oliveira , a Portuguese film director and the oldest director in the world to be active until his death in , is from Porto. Fantasporto is an international film festival organized in Porto every year.

Porto has several museums, concert halls, theaters, cinemas, art galleries , libraries and bookshops. The city has concert halls of a rare beauty and elegance such as the Coliseu do Porto by the Portuguese architect Cassiano Branco; an exquisite example of the Portuguese decorative arts.

Porto houses the largest synagogue in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the largest in Europe — Kadoorie Synagogue , inaugurated in During the dinner of the great day people usually eat sardines and boiled potatoes together with red wine.

Another major event is Queima das Fitas , that starts in the first Sunday of May and ends in the second Sunday of the month. In , the municipality funded a public sculpture to be built in the Waterfront Plaza of Matosinhos.

Due to its long history, the city of Porto carries an immense architectural patrimony. From the Romanesque Cathedral to the Social Housing projects developed through the late 20th century, much could be said surrounding architecture.

Porto is home to the Porto School of Architecture , one of the most prestigious architecture schools in Europe and the world. It is also home to two earners of the Pritzker Architecture Prize two former students of the aforementioned school: Porto is home to a number of dishes from traditional Portuguese cuisine.

The Francesinha — literally Frenchy, or more accurately little French female — is the most famous popular native snack food in Porto.

It is a kind of sandwich with several meats covered with cheese and a special sauce made with beer and other ingredients.

Over the last years, Porto has experienced significant tourist expansion, mainly [ according to whom? Porto won the European Best Destination , and awards.

The city has a large number of public and private elementary and secondary schools , as well as kindergartens and nurseries. There are more international schools in the city, such as the French School [59] and the Deutsch School [60] , both created in the 20th century.

Porto has several institutions of higher education, the largest one being the state-managed University of Porto Universidade do Porto , which is the second largest Portuguese university , after the University of Lisbon , with approximately 28, students and considered one of the best Universities in Europe.

Due to the recognition, potential for employment and higher revenue, there are many students from the entire country, particularly from the north of Portugal , attending a college or university in Porto.

For foreigners wishing to study Portuguese in the city there are a number of options. There are also several private learning institutions in the city.

Porto district has the highest rate of tuberculosis positive cases in Portugal. Porto tuberculosis rates are at Third World proportions comparatively, London faces a similar phenomenon.

Porto area represented the worst epidemiological situation in the country, with very high rates in some city boroughs and in some poor fishing and declining industrial communities.

Annually, for more than years, a match the Kendall Cup has been played between the Oporto Club and the Casuals Club of Lisbon , in addition to regular games against touring teams mainly from England.

Every year in October the Porto Marathon is held through the streets of the old city of Porto.

Sie haben noch Zeichen übrig Benachrichtigung bei nachfolgenden Kommentaren und Antworten zu meinem Kommentar Abschicken. Wer heute einen Brief frankieren will, der sollte sich vorher genau informieren. Briefzustellung So kommt Ihre Post schnell ans Ziel. Bei Sendungen, bei denen eine Ware vor einer mechanischen Beschädigung geschützt werden soll, empfehlen wir Ihnen einen Karton für den Postversand zu verwenden. Wird die Dicke oder das Gewicht des Briefes überschritten, muss dieser als Kompaktbrief frankiert werden. Eckig ist günstiger als rund! Sie bekommen hier einen Überblick über die gängigen Briefformate und den passenden Postverpackungen. Die Unterschrift kann im Internet unter Sendungsverfolgung angezeigt werden. Postlagernd Der Service "Postlagernd" bietet die Möglichkeit, sich Briefsendungen an ausgewählte Filialen senden zu lassen. Vorhandene Briefmarken wie auch noch vorhandene Ergänzungsmarken aus den Vorjahren können für die Frankierung von Sendungen mit der Deutschen Post weiter verwendet werden. Die Börse im Überblick. Eine Büchersendung ist günstiger als das Versenden von Päckchen oder Paketen. Die Dicke darf hier jedoch bis zu 1 cm betragen. Höchste Qualität Für uns steht höchste Qualität an erster Stelle. International kosten eine Postkarte oder ein Brief 0,90 Euro. Werbeantwort Antwort-Element für effizientes Mardi gras hotel and casino Marketing. Brief bis 20 g. Postleitzahlenkarte Wandkarte mit umfassender räumlicher Darstellung aller Postleitzahlen Deutschlands. Einlieferungslisten Formulare und Einlieferungslisten einfach ausfüllen. Die zugrunde gelegten Einzelgewichte finden Sie weiter unten. Selbst nach der geplanten Anpassung auf 70 Cent läge der Preis für den Standardbrief in Deutschland immer noch im Mittelfeld, verglichen mit dem Briefpreisniveau in anderen europäischen Ländern. On 29 Marchas the population fled from the advancing French troops [23] [24] and tried to cross jeux de casino roulette gratuit river Douro over the Ponte das Barcas a pontoon bridgethe bridge collapsed under the weight. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Brexit und casino. The first Spanish buildings here, in the affenblog and 17th centuries, were open mud-plastered ajoupas, interspersed between large silk cotton trees and other trees. In secondary schools, 7, were male and 8, were female. InPort of Spain began growing southwards, with the reclamation of the foreshore mudflats, using fill from the Laventille Hills. Porto is twinned with: The Northern Range is the range how to win at book of ra slots tall, biodiverse hills across the northern portion of Trinidad and is considered an extension of the Andes mountains of South America, although that is geologically incorrect. Many of them are referred to as squares or parks. The population in Porto municipality dropped by nearly leider können wir deine registrierung nicht durchführen., since the s, but the number of permanent residents 2 60 porto the outskirts and satellite towns has grown strongly. The fort was a mud-walled enclosure with a shack inside, a flagpole, two or three cannon, and few Spanish soldiers. The upgrading of the Churchill—Roosevelt highway to a grade separated expressway europas online casino and the extension of water ferry services from Port of Spain to the major urban hubs along the west coast are particularly notable.

The Port of Spain was founded near the site of the Amerindian fishing village of Cumucurapo "place of the silk cotton trees " , located in the area today known as Mucurapo, west of the city centre.

The name Conquerabia is also recorded for an Amerindian settlement in this area; this may have been a separate village, another name for Cumucurapo, or the result of miscomprehension by early Spanish settlers, who established a port here: The first Spanish buildings here, in the 16th and 17th centuries, were open mud-plastered ajoupas, interspersed between large silk cotton trees and other trees.

The fort was a mud-walled enclosure with a shack inside, a flagpole, two or three cannon, and few Spanish soldiers.

The Caribs were transient, travelling to the mainland now Venezuela and up the Orinoco River. In , the alcalde of Trinidad reported to the king that the natives "were in the habit of showering scorn and abuse upon the Holy Faith and ridiculed with jests the efforts of the Holy Fathers".

From the small cluster of buildings at the foot of the Laventille Hills , eleven streets were laid out west to the area bounded by the St.

Along the sea shore was the Plaza de la Marina Marine Square , a parade ground. By , the town had a population of about 3, Realising that the St.

During the rainy season the river still had a tendency to overflow its banks, flooding parts of the city; over the decades its channel would be widened and paved.

During the dry season the water level drops to a trickle; hence its nickname, the East Dry River. Port of Spain was now able to continue spreading northwards and westwards, encroaching on the surrounding sugar-cane plantations.

The British landed west of Port of Spain, at what is still called Invaders Bay, and marched towards the town. In , Port of Spain began growing southwards, with the reclamation of the foreshore mudflats, using fill from the Laventille Hills.

This began with the area immediately east of the diverted St. Gradually the landfill crept west and the area south of Plaza del Marina became solid land.

Further major reclamation efforts took place in the s, the s, and in Wrightson Road, linking downtown Port of Spain to its western suburbs, was constructed at the same time.

These reclaimed lands were originally called Docksite, and were home to US forces during World War II; later a number of government buildings were constructed here.

Port of Spain continued to grow in size and importance during the 19th and early 20th centuries, peaking in size in the s at about , people. Since then the population within the city limits has declined in size as the downtown area has become increasingly commercial and the suburbs in the valleys north, west, and north-east of the city have grown.

From to , Port of Spain was the temporary capital of the short-lived West Indies Federation , though there were plans to build a new federal capital at Chaguaramas , on land occupied by the US military base established during World War II.

Federation Park , a residential neighbourhood in western Port of Spain intended to house employees of the federal government, is a memorial to that time.

In July , an extremist Muslim group held the prime minister and members of parliament hostage for 5 days while rioting and looting shook Port of Spain.

In there was an unprecedented series of small bombings in Port of Spain which caused injuries to bystanders.

They ceased in October but the perpetrator has not been charged. Port of Spain measures about The Northern Range is the range of tall, biodiverse hills across the northern portion of Trinidad and is considered an extension of the Andes mountains of South America, although that is geologically incorrect.

Over species of birds, and species of mammals can be found in these mountains, making it one of the most biodiverse mountain ranges in the Caribbean.

The Northern Range runs from the Chaguaramas Peninsula in the west to Toco in the east and consists mainly of steeply dipping metasedimentary rocks and lush rainforest containing a wide variety of plants and animal species.

Port of Spain lies at the western end and the city climbs into the hills and valleys which are settled and largely deforested. It has well over species of birds, including the national bird, the scarlet ibis.

Some of the city lies on land reclaimed from the Gulf of Paria , the calm sheltered bay separating Trinidad from Venezuela, while other parts climb into the hills above the city.

In the high, misty valleys and mountains that surround the northern outskirts of the city, temperature inversion is quite frequent and the mountains provide a cooling relief from the sweltering heat below.

Blue Basin falls, a popular attraction, is located north in Diego Martin. This is the closest waterfall and is invigorating and refreshing. Immediately north and northwest of Port of Spain lie the suburbs of Cascade, St.

The last two districts fall outside the municipal boundary, but are sometimes considered extensions of the city. Cascade, a mainly suburban area with treed lot type housing is located to the south-eastern area of St.

Further afield, west of Diego Martin, lies the suburb of Westmoorings, which is known for its expensive Miami style highrise apartments facing the seafront.

As you head west beyond Carenage settlement is sparse, however the peninsula known as Chaguaramas, which was once a large US Army Base, has become a mecca for hundreds of international cruisers and a world major yacht storage and repair hub.

With congestion rendering downtown inaccessible during peak hours, major shopping centres like Valsayn Shopping Centre, Grand Bazaar and Trincity Mall have sprung up at highway intersections.

Two large Universities have been established in the eastern section of the E-W corridor — the regional University of the West Indies, St.

Augustine campus and the multi campus local University of Trinidad and Tobago whose main campus is on the Arima outskirts.

The wet season lasts from June to November, and the dry season lasts from December to May of the following year. During December—February, it can get chilly during the night hours.

In addition to the official population, the adjacent East—West Corridor conurbation has a population close to , people [5] and the "big city" feel with its suburban car dominated commuting.

It includes the towns of Barataria , San Juan , St. Joseph, Curepe , St. Augustine , Tunapuna , Tacarigua , Arouca , and Five Rivers, once distinct communities and now districts within a continuous urban area.

It occupies about hectares acres [18] of level land, and the distance around the perimeter is about 3. Once sugar land, it was bought by the town council in from the Peschier family except for a small parcel near its centre that served as the Peschier cemetery, which remains in private hands.

Until the early s, horse racing was held frequently at the Savannah race track, and it also contains several cricket , football and rugby pitches.

Apart from a ring of trees round its perimeter, the Savannah was never really landscaped, except for the small area in its northwest corner called the Hollows, a former reservoir now drained and planted with flowering shrubs.

From this location the Parade of Bands is broadcast live to the nation on Carnival Monday and Tuesday; it is also the venue for the Calypso Monarch and Carnival King and Queen Competitions and the finals of the Panorama steelpan competition.

The architecturally soothing arches and curves of the Port of Spain National Academy for the Performing Arts see picture and caption dominate the south boundary of the Savannah between the green trimmed landmarks of Memorial Park in remembrance of fallen soldiers during World Wars I and II and the gingerbread styled, limestone built, colourful splendour of the Knowsley Ministry of Foreign Affairs Building.

The western edge of the Savannah, along Maraval Road, is the location of the Magnificent Seven, a group of late Victorian and Edwardian buildings built in an eccentric and flamboyant variety of styles.

The slow pace of building restorations over the years remains a concern. Housing in Port of Spain ranges from luxurious waterfront apartments to board houses lacking indoor plumbing and motor vehicular access.

To address the problem, East Port of Spain Development Company [21] was formed in with a mandate to develop and redevelop a zone in east Port-of-Spain to improve the economic, social and physical environment of those areas.

There are several new government housing projects in the city which are under construction or planned. There are 12 councillors and 4 aldermen. The mayor is elected from the membership of the council.

The council is presided over by the mayor, who is effectively the chief custodian of the city. It formulates policy and gives direction for the running of the city through a number of standing committees which each meet at least once per month.

Decisions are then ratified at the statutory meeting of the council, which takes place on the last Wednesday of each month. The policies and directives of the council are executed by the administrative arm of the corporation, which is headed by the chief executive officer and has under her charge a number of senior officers and a workforce of about 3, daily-paid and monthly-paid employees.

The Chief Executive Officer and her staff are public servants functioning under the regulations of the Statutory Authorities Service Commissions Ordinance.

Following an election in , Michel Maxwell Philip became the mayor, a position that had previously been held by only whites.

Bridget Brereton wrote in her book Race Relations in Colonial Trinidad — that "perhaps this marks the emergence of the coloured man as a political force in Trinidad".

Port of Spain became a "city" in ; the ordinance was passed on May 29 and was proclaimed by the Governor on June 25, The first city councillors were elected on November 2.

Enrique Prada , who was elected chairman by the council and became the first mayor of the City of Port of Spain.

Port of Spain is a shopping and business centre for much of the country. Most government offices are also located in the city and many important government services can only be accessed in the Ministry offices located downtown.

Within recent years, local banks headquartered here have helped it become a financial centre for the Caribbean and Central America region.

Trinidad and Tobago is considered one of the wealthiest nations in the Caribbean and some of this wealth is on display in Port of Spain.

High-income proceeds from the international sale of natural gas has aided the country in the Port of Spain International Waterfront project constructed on former Port Authority Land.

Cruise ships also dock at the port which has: There were 17, students enrolled in primary schools [28] and 15, enrolled in secondary school. In secondary schools, 7, were male and 8, were female.

Education is free and compulsory up to secondary school. There are several prominent tertiary institutions in Port of Spain and environs, in particular the St.

Port of Spain has a population of 18, males and 19, females, with 5, businesses and is home to 12, households with an average size of 2.

While the popularity of the major shopping area around Frederick Street as a nightspot centre has remained steady or declined, expansion of entertainment venues into the malls and outlying towns has occurred.

Clair and Woodbrook have seen a boom in nightclubs, sports bars and fine dining restaurants as workers from government offices and large corporations disgorge on evenings from high-rise headquarters built in newly commercialized formerly upscale neighbourhoods.

Port of Spain was among the host cities of the Cricket World Cup. There are a number of well placed green spaces which have been preserved in Port of Spain.

Many of them are referred to as squares or parks. Although some of the Squares have retained some of their "original framework" which consists of lengths of metal placed in concrete, which surround the exterior of the space, with each Square having at least four gates.

These gates are positioned on the corners so as to allow the main paths of the Square to form an X. Some of the Squares have not retained nor do they give the appearance of having had the lengths of metal placed on its exterior points as lines of demarcation.

By virtue of the gates to the Squares not being closed at any time and the lack of metal enclosures on others, there is the impression that these Squares and places are also open to the public at all hours.

In some of the Squares, there are street lights to illuminate the interior of the square at nighttime. Woodford Square is sometimes referred to as "University of Woodford Sq because of its occasional use by soapbox speakers and gospel preachers, this is the symbolic center of downtown.

With the coming of the French settlers to the island, they called the Place of souls — Place Des Ames. Place Des Ames means Place of souls.

Place Des Ames later became known as Brunswick Square. Brunswick Square was used as a parade ground for soldiers. Many of these soldiers were Germans.

Brunswick is a German name, and so it is believed that this open space was named after the German soldiers who used it. The city has concert halls of a rare beauty and elegance such as the Coliseu do Porto by the Portuguese architect Cassiano Branco; an exquisite example of the Portuguese decorative arts.

Porto houses the largest synagogue in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the largest in Europe — Kadoorie Synagogue , inaugurated in During the dinner of the great day people usually eat sardines and boiled potatoes together with red wine.

Another major event is Queima das Fitas , that starts in the first Sunday of May and ends in the second Sunday of the month.

In , the municipality funded a public sculpture to be built in the Waterfront Plaza of Matosinhos. Due to its long history, the city of Porto carries an immense architectural patrimony.

From the Romanesque Cathedral to the Social Housing projects developed through the late 20th century, much could be said surrounding architecture.

Porto is home to the Porto School of Architecture , one of the most prestigious architecture schools in Europe and the world.

It is also home to two earners of the Pritzker Architecture Prize two former students of the aforementioned school: Porto is home to a number of dishes from traditional Portuguese cuisine.

The Francesinha — literally Frenchy, or more accurately little French female — is the most famous popular native snack food in Porto.

It is a kind of sandwich with several meats covered with cheese and a special sauce made with beer and other ingredients. Over the last years, Porto has experienced significant tourist expansion, mainly [ according to whom?

Porto won the European Best Destination , and awards. The city has a large number of public and private elementary and secondary schools , as well as kindergartens and nurseries.

There are more international schools in the city, such as the French School [59] and the Deutsch School [60] , both created in the 20th century.

Porto has several institutions of higher education, the largest one being the state-managed University of Porto Universidade do Porto , which is the second largest Portuguese university , after the University of Lisbon , with approximately 28, students and considered one of the best Universities in Europe.

Due to the recognition, potential for employment and higher revenue, there are many students from the entire country, particularly from the north of Portugal , attending a college or university in Porto.

For foreigners wishing to study Portuguese in the city there are a number of options. There are also several private learning institutions in the city.

Porto district has the highest rate of tuberculosis positive cases in Portugal. Porto tuberculosis rates are at Third World proportions comparatively, London faces a similar phenomenon.

Porto area represented the worst epidemiological situation in the country, with very high rates in some city boroughs and in some poor fishing and declining industrial communities.

Annually, for more than years, a match the Kendall Cup has been played between the Oporto Club and the Casuals Club of Lisbon , in addition to regular games against touring teams mainly from England.

Every year in October the Porto Marathon is held through the streets of the old city of Porto. As in most Portuguese cities, football is the most important sport.

There are two main teams in Porto: Boavista have won the championship once, in the —01 season and reached the semi-finals of the UEFA Cup in , where they lost 2—1 to Celtic.

Formerly, Salgueiros from Paranhos was a regular first division club during the s and s but, due to financial indebtedness, the club folded in the s.

The club was refounded in and began playing at the regional level. Traditionally, the club provides the Portuguese national basketball team with numerous key players.

Porto is twinned with: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses of Porto and Oporto, see Porto disambiguation. Municipality in Norte, Portugal.

From the top left corner clockwise: History of Porto and Timeline of Porto. List of twin towns and sister cities in Portugal.

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